Vaccines are substances that create immunity against viral infections without the individual acquiring the disease itself. MHR provides Tetanus vaccines, Hepatitis B vaccines, TB skin testing, and influenza vaccines during flu season.
Flu is a contagious respiratory infection caused by influenza viruses that infect the upper respiratory system, including the nose, throat, and sometimes the lungs. The virus is often spread via droplets in the air and less commonly by touching a surface or object that has flu virus on it. According to the CDC, anyone can get flu but some people are at higher risk of developing serious flu-related complications if they get sick. This includes people 65 years and older, people of any age with certain chronic medical conditions (such as asthma, diabetes, or heart disease), pregnant women, and children younger than 5 years. Obtaining an annual flu vaccination is the best prevention against the influenza virus.
Tuberculin Skin Testing
The Mantoux tuberculin skin test (TST) is the most common method for evaluating whether a person is infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB).
According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), TB skin testing is generally required for:
- People who have been in the presence of someone diagnosed with TB disease
- People from countries such as Latin America, the Caribbean, Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe, and Russia)
- People who are employed or reside in correctional facilities, long-term care facilities or nursing homes, and homeless shelters
The TB skin test is performed by injecting a small amount of fluid (called tuberculin) into the lower part of the arm. The vaccine will be administered on the day of the exam, and you must return within 48-72 hours to have the results read. The nurse practitioner will look for a reaction on the arm.
According to the CDC, Tetanus (Lockjaw) causes painful muscle tightening and stiffness, usually all over the body, where as Diphtheria can cause a thick coating to form in the back of the throat and can lead to breathing problems, heart failure, paralysis, and death. Td (Tetanus and Diphtheria) vaccine can protect adolescents and adults from tetanus and diphtheria. Td is usually given as a booster dose every 10 years but it can also be given earlier after a severe and dirty wound or burn.
Hepatitis B Vaccination
According to the CDC, Hepatitis B is a disease caused by a virus that attacks the liver. Hepatitis B virus (HBV), can cause lifelong infection, cirrhosis (scarring) of the liver, liver cancer, liver failure, and death. Hepatitis B vaccine is available for all age groups to prevent HBV infection.